Advanced Roman Numerals Converter
Enter a whole number such as 2003, or a Roman numeral such as MMIII, then click Convert.
The input must be in the range of 1 - 4999, or I to MMMMCMXCIX.
A smaller number in front of a larger number means subtraction, all else means addition. For example, IV means 4, VI means 6.
You would not put more than one smaller number in front of a larger number to subtract. For example, IIV would not mean 3.
You must separate ones, tens, hundreds, and thousands as separate items. That means that 99 is XCIX, 90 + 9, but never should be written as IC. Similarly, 999 cannot be IM and 1999 cannot be MIM.
|I||The numeral one. II is two, III is three. You seldom see IIII as 4, since IV can also mean 4, plus its shorter to write.|
|V||The numeral 5. IV is 4, VI is 6, VII is 7, VIII is 8.|
|X||The numeral 10. IX is 9, XI is 11, etc.|
|L||The numeral 50. XL would be 40.|
|C||The numeral 100. Think of Century having a hundred years. C is short for the Latin word Centum, but that's not very easy to remember.|
|D||The numeral 500.|
|M||The numeral 1000.|
|Sometimes you will see a numeral with a line over it. That means to multiply it by 1000. A numeral V with a line over it means 5000.|
It may come in handy.